Many forms of activity induced shin pain can occur, the most common being medial tibial stress syndrome, tendinopathy, superficial nerve entrapment and compartment syndrome.
The gait deficiencies that cause these conditions are varied and consequently, so is the treatment approach. For example, The London Podiatry Centre is able to calculate the specific values for normal force at heel strike and when these figures are greater the chance of a stress fracture increases and shock absorbing treatments are indicated. Conversely, injury to a tendon may have very little to do with excessive pressures but can often result from abnormal pronation which we are able to measure accurately using 3-dimensional multi-segmental modelling of the foot and lower limb.
Shin pain tends to be more common in athletes and those who are very active, such as hikers but can also occur in other populations of patients.